Buddhist Meditation encompasses a variety of meditation techniques that develop mindfulness, concentration, tranquility and insight.
Core meditation techniques are preserved in ancient Buddhist texts and have proliferated and diversified through the millennia of teacher-student transmissions.
Non-Buddhists use these techniques for the pursuit of physical and mental health as well as for non-Buddhist spiritual aims.
Buddhist meditation techniques are increasingly being employed by psychologists and psychiatrists to help alleviate a variety of health conditions such as anxiety and depression.
Buddhist’s pursue meditation as part of the path toward Enlightenment and Nirvana.
The accounts of meditative states in the Buddhist texts are largely free of dogma, so much so, that the Buddhist scheme has been adopted by Western psychologists attempting to describe the phenomenon of meditation in general.
Further information can be found here. Buddhist Meditation.